High cholesterol levels are one of the primary causes of heart disease
and also contribute to high blood pressure, impotence, gallstones and
As well, colon
polyps and cancer (in particular prostate and breast cancer) have also
been associated with high serum cholesterol levels.
Perhaps the greatest
contributor to high cholesterol, diet strongly influences the level
of cholesterol in the body. The consumption of foods which are high
in saturated fat and cholesterol increases cholesterol levels, while
a largely vegetarian diet combined with exercise can lower cholesterol
levels in existing cases, and reduce the chances of having high cholesterol
in those with normal levels.